Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) and Safety Data Sheet (SDS)
example MSDS in a US format provides guidance for handling
a hazardous substance and information on its composition
and properties. A Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS), Safety
Data Sheet (SDS), or Product Safety Data Sheet (PSDS) is
an important component of product stewardship and workplace
safety. It is intended to provide workers and emergency
personnel with procedures for handling or working with that
substance in a safe manner, and includes information such
as physical data (melting point, boiling point, flash point,
etc.), toxicity, health effects, first aid, reactivity,
storage, disposal, protective equipment, and spill-handling
procedures. MSDS formats can vary from source to source
within a country depending on national requirements. A example
of a page from an MSDS report is shown below.
SDSs are a widely used system for cataloging information
on chemicals, chemical compounds, and chemical mixtures.
SDS information may include instructions for the safe use
and potential hazards associated with a particular material
or product. These data sheets can be found anywhere where
chemicals are being used.
There is also a duty to properly label substances on the
basis of physico-chemical, health and/or environmental risk.
Labels can include hazard symbols such as the European Union
standard black diagonal cross on an orange background, used
to denote a harmful substance.
An SDS for a substance is not primarily intended for use
by the general consumer, focusing instead on the hazards
of working with the material in an occupational setting.
In some jurisdictions, the SDS is required to state the
chemical's risks, safety, and effect on the environment.
It is important to use an SDS specific to both country and
supplier, as the same product (e.g. paints sold under identical
brand names by the same company) can have different formulations
in different countries. The formulation and hazard of a
product using a generic name (e.g. sugar soap) may vary
between manufacturers in the same country.